Iodine deficiency prevention in pregnant women, Namsom District,Udonthani Province, 2011
This cross sectional research aimed to identify the pregnant women’s preventive behaviors in iodine
deficiency; Namsom District, Udonthani Province. The 108 of pregnant women as the respondents were selected
by systematic random sampling to interview with the questionnaire constructed by the researcher which the
validity and the reliability were accepted (coefficient alpha of Cronbach = 0.86). Descriptive statistics were used to
describe demographic characteristics, knowledge, health belief, perception of information and the preventive behaviors
in iodine consuming.
The results were shown that: average age was 25.34 years old (S.D. = 6.76), 61.10 % were farmers
and 38.90% finished secondary school. Their average income was 11,976.85 baths/month (S.D. = 8,526.31).
The average gestational age at the first prenatal care was 10.03 weeks (S.D. = 4.59) and average numbers of
prenatal care of 5.83 times (S.D. = 2.98). Moreover, 81.40 % of them have been pregnant less than 2 times.
Additionally, it was found that the percentage of knowledge and preventive behaviors at high level were 58.30
and 56.48. More than three/fourth had moderate level of overall health belief in the issues. Furthermore; the
percentage perceived at high levels; benefits of prevention, severity of the disease and risks of getting the disease
were 91.67, 54.63 and 51.85 respectively. However, the percentage at the low level of perception; obstacles
of preventive behaviors and received information on iodine deficiency were 74.07 and 55.56.
From results, revealed the pregnant women’s practices and beliefs in order to prevent iodine deficiency
at Namsom District, Udonthani Province. Additionally, it can be promoted the pregnant women to receive the
required iodine suitably by giving the knowledge through main Medias; televisions, newspapers, village health
volunteers and broadcasting towers in each village, additionally to promote their good understandings and to
decrease false beliefs so as to decrease iodine deficiency in the pregnant women well.
Keywords: Prevention, Iodine deficiency, Pregnant
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