The importance of partnership for care of children infected with human immunodeficiency virus

Editorial Asian Biomedicine


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infectionin children is common in resource limited settings [1].If untreated, HIV infection causes progressiveimmunosuppression leading to opportunistic infectionsand other disorders. Most children infected with HIVprogress to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS) and die before the age of five [2, 3].Treatment of HIV-infected patients with effective,combination antiretroviral drugs can improve virologic,immunologic status and survival, by preventing orreversing immunosuppression [4, 5]. Early diagnosisand prompt initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART)in HIV-infected children remains a challenge. Failureof prompt initiation of ART is likely a major reasonfor high mortality rates seen in resource-limitedsettings [6].

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